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What Are Gum Disease, Its Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment?

What Are Gum Disease?

Maintaining healthier oral hygiene is very essential for all human beings as it keeps you away from many kinds of dental and gum diseases. If you don’t follow the oral hygiene routine regularly, it will lead to gum disease that can infect your gum line and tooth bone over time. The earliest stage of gum disease is termed as gingivitis with red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush or eat sometimes. If not treated on time, gingivitis can lead to a more serious form of gum disease that is termed as periodontitis.

If not treated on time with proper measures, Gum Disease can lead to some serious health issues such as diabetes, osteoporosis, cancer, heart disease, and pneumonia. Once you find that you have some symptoms of some kind of gum disease, you should immediately contact your dentist to consult if you need gum disease treatment or not. The common symptoms of gum disease are:

  • Red, swollen gums
  • Bad breath
  • Gums bleed very easily
  • Smaller gum lines than usual
  • Plaques or white spots on the gums
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Weaker teeth bones and shifting teeth

What causes gum disease?

Unhealthy and irregular oral hygiene leads to bacterial infection in plaque and infects the gum around your teeth over time. If you don’t brush and floss your teeth regularly then this can be your primary cause for gum disease. There are other factors such as smoking, chewing tobacco, excessive alcohol consumption, hormonal changes, and poor diet that can contribute to the gum disease in your mouth.

Gum disease treatment

There are both surgical and non-surgical treatments are available depending on the condition of the gum disease. Gum disease treatment is also done for cosmetic reasons to improve the appearance of your teeth. Deep cleaning is the very first line of treatment that is offered by a professional dentist for in-depth cleaning of your teeth and gum lines. If required, your dentist will suggest for the surgical or non-surgical treatment depending on your condition Some of the most common gum disease treatments are gum contouring/ gum reshaping, flap surgery, bone grafting, root planning, sub-gingival scaling, and curettage. A dental professional uses the following methods to diagnose gum disease:

  • Measuring and checking the gums
  • Taking dental x-rays
  • Examining sensitive teeth
  • Check for loose teeth

If you are diagnosed with gum disease, you should immediately consult with a dentist for the required treatment procedure in your case. For gum disease treatment, you should always look for an experienced dental surgeon in your region. After the treatment, it is very essential to maintain proper oral hygiene such as regular brushing, flossing, and mouthwash to avoid any further complexion. You should also visit your dentist for check-ups as a routine procedure.

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